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ENERGY & OFFSHORE | Staff Reporter, Singapore
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Can rig builders stay afloat if Sete Brasil goes bust?

Both Keppel and Sembcorp could lose billions.

Sete Brasil is teetering on the edge of bankruptcy, and Singapore’s rig builders might also go under if the company goes belly-up.

According to Media reports Grupo BTG Pactual and other investors of Sete Brasil Participacoes SA (Sete Brasil) will meet on 21 Jan and decide whether Sete Brasil will file for bankruptcy protection after oil prices collapsed and it was cited in a sprawling corruption scandal.

Here's what analysts had to say:

Pei Hwa Ho, analyst, DBS

 Keppel Corp (Keppel) and Sembcorp Marine (SMM) secured orders for six semi-submersibles and seven drillships respectively from Sete Brasil totalling S
 $6.2bn and S$7.0bn respectively in 2011/2012. Keppel has recognised revenue of approx. S$2.0bn for the three out of  six semi-submersibles, implying S$4.2bn outstanding orderbook for Sete Brasil
 projects.SMM has recognised revenue of approx. S$2.5bn for the four out of six  drillships, implying S$4.5bn outstanding orderbook for Sete Brasil projects.

 These represents c.38% of their outstanding orderbooks as of end Sept-15 [Keppel: S  $11.0bn; SMM S$11.6bn]. 

 Sete Brasil has halted their monthly payment since Nov-2014 after failing to secure  long-term financing from state development bank BNDES amid allegations of kickbacks  and capex cut of its only client, state-run oil producer Petrobras. Since then,  Sete Brasil has been working to put together a viable restructuring plan, including  reducing the newbuild programme from 29 rigs to 14-15 rigs, roping in equity  partners to jointly owned the rigs, etc. This could salvage Sete Brasil from the  fate of liquidation.

 If Sete Brasil were to file for chapter 11, Singapore rigbuilders are likely to make  revenue reversals and impairments. Though, profit recognition for Sete Brasil  projects has been conservative. Impairment is tricky as these projects are priced >30% above market largely because of the higher cost of building in Brazil.

 Singapore rigbuilders might have to negotiate with Petrobras on the rigs orders and  charter contracts. We believe the seven rigs (out of 13 rigs being built by  Singapore yards) that have commenced construction are at lower risks of  cancellation, given that Singapore yards are the only ones that are able to deliver  the local-content compliant rigs customised to Petrobras’ field, and substantial
 payments have been made for the rigs. However, we are wary of price renegotiations  and the possibility of Singapore rigbuilders having to finance the rigs for  Petrobras. Remaining values for rigs under construction by Keppel and SMM are S$1bn  and S$1.5bn respectively. The remaining six rigs (S$1bn each), which construction  work has yet to commence, could be vulnerable to cancellation, in our view.

Yeak Chee Keong, analyst, MayBank

Keppel and SMM have not been paid by Sete Brasil since Nov 2014, which has been well-flagged. We estimate that each has recognised about SGD1.5-2.0b of revenue and the unrecognised portions make up about 40-50% of their SGD10-11b orderbook. Up till now, the widely-held view was that Sete Brasil would scale down its 29-rig program to 15, of which
13 will be from Keppel and SMM, with deliveries over 2015-2020. Talks have been ongoing for Sete Brasil to restructure and secure financing. The prospects of Keppel and SMM receiving payments now look increasingly bleak. In our view, the worst-case scenario of almost all rig contracts being eventually terminated may now be a possibility. This applies to non-Sete rigs.

If we remove all revenue recognition from Sete Brasil, our FY16-17 EPS for Keppel/SMM could be cut by up to 17/50% based on preliminary estimates. But more importantly the resulting reduction in cashflows could raise SMM’s net gearing from 0.6x in 3Q15 to 0.9x in FY16 butKeppel’s could still stay at the 0.5x level given lesser exposure and diversified income stream. Yet this is just the tip of the iceberg. If they need to make impairments to inventories, equity value will compress, leading to much higher gearings. These could trigger banking covenants forcing the companies to raise equity. Dividends will be cut.

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