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FINANCIAL SERVICES | Staff Reporter, Singapore
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3 in 5 Singapore firms face problems in FRS 115 implementation

Less than 10% have completed the process.

As the effective date of the Financial Reporting Standard 115 (FRS 115) draws near, many companies have yet to initiate the adoption the new revenue standard, and are facing challenges in the implementation, a poll by EY revealed.

Around 62% of the respondents or more than 3 in 5, indicated that they have not started identifying and evaluating the key impact of FRS 115 that will be effective starting next year. Only 6% have completed the adoption process. Furthermore, 60% of the respondents share that their organizations have yet to decide which approach – full retrospective or modified retrospective – to adopt. Only 2% of those polled said their company was ready for FRS 115 adoption.

Ernst & Young LLP Financial Accounting Advisory Services Partner Ronald Wong said many companies that have undergone the implementation process have found the impact to be far-reaching through the organization.

"For example, some companies found they needed to make changes to their existing information technology (IT) systems, processes and controls, and business operations. Yet, these organization-wide implications are often overlooked as executives usually focus on the accounting aspect. It is important that companies first understand the potential accounting impact, and go on to determine the wider-organizational impact," he said.

FRS 115, based on the International Financial Reporting Standards 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers, aims to improve the quality and consistency of revenue reporting practices across transactions and industries by providing a single control-based revenue recognition model for all contracts with customer (other than financial instrument, insurance or lease contracts). It will also provide a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues. Revenue is recognised either over time or at a point in time, depending on the pattern of transfer of the goods or services to the customer. This is different from the current risks-and-rewards model that requires different treatments depending on the type and form of the transactions.

When entities adopt FRS 115 in 2018, they will need to restate the affected comparative financial information as though they have always applied FRS 115 (the full retrospective approach) unless they elect the option of not restating comparative information (the modified retrospective approach). However, the latter approach cannot be applied by Singapore companies listed on the Singapore Exchange due to the additional requirement to adopt, for the first time in 2018, Singapore’s new financial reporting framework that is identical to International Financial Reporting Standards. Therefore, these companies must undertake the procedure of restating comparative financial information that are affected by the application of the new revenue standard.

Non-listed Singapore companies, on the other hand, can choose between full retrospective or modified retrospective approach when adopting FRS 115.

“There are various practical considerations in deciding the transition method to adopt. Entities with significant deferred revenue balances under current revenue standard may experience ‘lost revenue’ if those amounts were deferred at the adoption date and will, ultimately, be reflected in the restated prior periods or as part of the cumulative adjustment upon adoption. These figures will not be reported as revenue within the financial statements if included as part of the cumulative adjustment upon adoption. In terms of comparability, the full retrospective method provides users of the financial statements with useful trend information across all periods presented. Other factors that companies should consider are the extent and complexity of the impact on revenue, system and processes, availability of resources and time as well as the decisions made by the other companies in the industry,” Wong explains. 

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